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 RI HARUS TIRU KEMAMPUAN PLA CUNGKUK DALAM PENGEMBANGAN BOM PINTAR.

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PostSubyek: RI HARUS TIRU KEMAMPUAN PLA CUNGKUK DALAM PENGEMBANGAN BOM PINTAR.   Wed May 19, 2010 3:14 am

Background
The PLA-AF and PLA-N now operate a diverse mix of indigenously manufactured and imported Russian guided bombs. To date the most widely deployed indigenous weapon is the very basic LT-2 laser guided bomb, similar in capabilities to the Paveway I/II series.
More recent weapon designs are considerably more sophisticated. The FT and LS series of satellite aided inertially guided weapons are analogues to the US JDAM series, including glide wing equipped variants. The LT-3 is a fusion of satellite aided inertial guidance technology and a gimballed P-nav laser seeker, this weapon being an analogue to the very recent US EGBU-24 and Laser JDAM.

Luoyang/CASC LT-2/LS-500J Laser Guided Bomb.

Front: LT-2 LGB.
The LT-2 (Lei Ting 2) LGB is China's first volume production guided bomb. The basic bomb kit is sized for a 500 kg / 1,000 lb class general purpose bomb body. The seeker uses a Paveway I/II style annular airfoil seeker with a conventional quadrant detection assembly. The tailkit is similar in configuration to the Paveway I. The design will use a bang-bang guidance control law without roll stabilisation. Control is effected by trailing edge surfaces on the cruciform tail in an arrangement similar to the GNPP KAB-500L.
The LT-2 has been widely deployed on PLA-AF combat aircraft, including the JH-7 Flying Leopard,
A-5/Q-5 Fantan, FC-1, J-8B Finback, and J-10 Sinocanard.

CUTAWAY LT 2
Specifications
Length 3580mm
Diameter 380mm
Tail fin span 950mm
Weight 570kg
Ground designating mode accuracy
CEP≤5m
A/C designating mode accuracy CEP≤6.5m
Launching speed ≥230m/s
Launching mode level, dive, toss
Wind speed ≤10m/s
Damage Capability Equivalent to 500kg low-drag aero bombs



Above: LT-2 LGBs on a precision strike variant of the A-5C Fantan. Note the nose mounted laser targeting device and conformal ventral fuel tank. Below: LT-2 on Q-5M Fantan.

Luoyang/CASC LT-X P-Nav Laser Guided Bomb

A new weapon displayed at the Zhuhai 2008 Airshow was a derivative of the LT-2 500 kg Laser Guided Bomb, with a proportional navigation seeker design. The seeker is closest in appearance to the Russian KBTochmash/Nudelman P-nav seeker developed for the latest weapons in the GNPP KAB-1500LG series.

The guidance kit otherwise appears identical to the existing LT-2 series design.


Rear: LT-3 guided bomb system
The LT-3 is the most sophisticated guided bomb developed to date by Chinese industry. This weapon combines a satellite/inertial guidance package in a tailkit common to the LS-6 250 kg glidebomb, and a gimballed proportional navigation semi-active laser homing seeker.

The weapon employs a strap-on strake kit similar to that used with the GBU-31/32 JDAM series. The gimballed detector platform is closest in concept to the TI Paveway III LLLGB design - the LT-3 occupies the same capability niche as the US enhanced EGBU-24 or Laser JDAM weapons.


LT-3 P-Nav SALH seeker gimbal. Note the application of an interference filter coating to the optical detector lens to improve IR background rejection.

PLA-AF and PLA-N Inertially Guided Bombs
Luoyang/CASC FT-1/FT-2 Satellite Aided Inertially Guided Bomb.

FT-1 guided bomb kit

FT-2 guided glide bomb kit

The FT-1/FT-2 are satellite/inertial guidance kits for a 500 kg / 1,000 lb class general purpose bomb body. Cited range performance for the FT-1 is very close to the GBU-32 JDAM, the cited CEP of ~30 m suggests C/A mode guidance rather than secure Glonass.
The FT-1 employs strap-on strakes similar to the JDAM series. The FT-2 employs a planar wing kit similar to the Kerkanya/JDAM-ER.

FT-1 on a JH-7A Flying Leopard


Luoyang/CASC FT-3/FT-4 Satellite Aided Inertially Guided Bomb


FT-3 guided bomb kit

FT-4 guided glide bomb kit

The FT-3/FT-4 are satellite/inertial guidance kits for a 250 kg / 500 lb class general purpose bomb body.
The FT-3 employs a unique cruciform strake arrangement on the tailkit. The variant displayed at Zhuhai 2008 is different in many respects from demonstrators previously displayed, which appeared to use a modification of the LS-6 tailkit. The FT-4 employs a planar wing kit similar to the Kerkanya/JDAM-ER.

Luoyang/CASC FT-5 Satellite Aided Inertially Guided Bomb

FT-5 guided bomb kit
The FT-5 is the smallest guidance kit in the Luoyang/CASC FT series, intended for a 100 kg bomb body. The strake kit design and tail kit are modelled on the FT-1 configuration. The bomb casing geometry is relatively conventional and evidently not intended for deep penetration of concrete in the manner of the GBU-39/B SDG warhead.

Luoyang/CASC LS-6 Satellite Aided Inertially Guided Glide Bomb.

The 500 kg variant of the LS-6 glidebomb

The 250 kg variant of the LS-6 glidebomb

The LS-6 glidebomb design is modelled in many respects on the concept of the Australian developed planar wing Kerkanya glidebomb kit, more recently adapted to form the JDAM-ER. Unlike the Kerkanya which uses a low wing monoplane configuration with a blended adaptor fairing, the LS-6 glide wing kit is much simpler in design and the weapon flight configuration is that of a high wing monoplane.

Two variants exist, one for a 500 kg bomb, the other for a 250 kg bomb.

The type of satellite navigation receiver and inertial unit have not been disclosed to date. While the Luoyang website states the use of GPS, other sources claim the use of Glonass. It is likely the receiver is like a number of Russian designs, a dual mode device which can use C/A GPS or secure Glonass concurrently. Cited range for an 11 km release altitude at 900 km/h is 60 km, considerably less than the Kerkanya/JDAM-ER design.

CUTAWAY LS 6
Luoyang Description (Cite):

LS-6 guided glide bomb is a low-cost but highly effective air to surface weapon for standoff precise attack on fixed ground targets, such as airports, seaports, bridges, commander centers, etc. With a wing kit and GPS/INS guidance unit, the conventional low-drag aerial bombs are modified into precision guided bombs with standoff attack ability.

System features:

Launched outside mid/short range air defense firepower
All-weather, day & night attack capability
Low cost but highly effective
Fire and forget capability
Excellent anti-interference capability
Modular guidance and control unit
Single target or multiple targets attack capability

Weapon delivery:

The LS-6 standoff guided glide bomb (SOGGB) utilizes high-altitude and high-speed launching, high lift-drag ratio aerodynamic configuration and suitable control scheme to ensure a remote gliding control. Before the bomb is dropped, its on-board INS coordinate system must be aligned with that of the aircraft and the fire control system downloads the mission planning into the bomb. Within a specified period of time after the bomb being dropped, the stabilizing system of the bomb starts to work to ensure the bomb and the aircraft being separated safely. And then, the folded-wings expand, putting the bomb into the autonomous flight course, and the on-board control system of the bomb starts to operate to keep the bomb body stable. A combined GPS/INS navigation is adopted during this course. The guidance system translates and calculates the guidance commands and outputs to the autopilot to ensure the bomb flying in a planned trajectory. Based on the relative position of the bomb to the target, the bomb will enter its terminal guidance at a preset distance from the target. On the terminal course of the trajectory, attitude control will be performed via a vertical lead-bias to improve the kill effect.

Technical data:

a) Kill Area:
For normal target:5,000 - 10,000 m2
For armored targe:100 - 500 m2
b) Operational Altitude and Speed:
Launch altitude:4,000 - 11,000 m
Launch speed:600 - 1,000 km/h
c) Maximum Launch Range:No less than 60 kilometers with a launch altitude of 11,000 meters and an initial speed of 900 km/h.
d) Guidance Mode:Combined GPS/INS guidance.
e) Guidance Accuracy: ≤15 meters CEP

LS-6 prototype glidebomb under a J-8F Finback.

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